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The Addiction Research


Topic: Substance dependence

Substance dependence

What is dependence?

The following criteria are helpful in assessing dependence:

  • A strong desire or compulsion to consume substances

  • A reduced capability of controlling consumption begin, end and amount of the substance

  • Withdrawal symptoms or use of substances to alleviate withdrawal symptoms and a resulting positive experience

  • Marked tolerance: The need for markedly increased amounts of the substance in order to achieve intoxication

  • A recurrent characteristic behaviour towards alcohol or substances

  • A growing lack of interest towards other activities because of substance abuse

  • Continued substance abuse despite knowledge of persistent or recurrent problems that are caused by the substance
Nicotine Alcohol Cannabis Synthetic drugs Tranquilizers Opiates/Heroin Cocaine

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